Why Use Learning Strategies?

          Since we are aware of what learning strategies are, it would be
                    beneficial to determine why the use of learning strategies is
                    effective in the learning process.  From reading through various
                    resources regarding the use of learning resources, the rationale
                    has become obvious.

                    Weinstein and Mayer in Wittrock (1986) contend that "good
                    teaching includes teaching students how to learn, how to remember,
                    how to think, and how to motivate themselves."  They refer to the
                    "life-long learning concept" as they continue to offer rationale
                    for the teaching of learning strategies.  They state that "helping
                    students develop effective ways to handle the barrage of
                    information coming from the environment, as well as their own
                    thinking processes, is a major goal of our educational system that
                    will only increase in importance in the future."

                    Mulcahy, Marfo, Peat, and Andrews (1986) offer an appropriate
                    rationale for the teaching of learning or cognitive strategies.
                    They state that "the expressions development of cognitive
                    strategies and development of strategic behavior are preferred
                    over 'learning' because those expressions presume a developmental
                    process which produces in the individual a permanent style of
                    learning and relating to his/her environment."

                    Strichart and Mangrum (1993) also state reasons why students
                    need to learn strategic practices for learning.  They contend that
                    "for learning to occur, students must be able to remember newly
                    acquired information so that they can retrieve the information and
                    use it whenever necessary.  Information that is not remembered is
                    of no value to students for dealing with current requirements in or
                    out of school."

                    Since it is virtually impossible for students to remember all the
                    information that is made available to them, it is beneficial to teach
                    students skills which will assist them remember important
                    information.  Therefore, it is the contention of Oxford (1990)
                    that teachers will now have to take on a different role, as one of
                    an instructor of learning strategies.  She states that "the new
                    teaching capacities also include identifying students' learning
                    strategies, conducting training on learning strategies, and helping
                    learners become more independent."  Thus, the teaching of learning
                    strategies seem to be a challenge for today's teacher.