Since we are aware of what learning strategies are, it would
beneficial to determine why the use of learning strategies is
effective in the learning process. From reading through various
resources regarding the use of learning resources, the rationale
has become obvious.
Weinstein and Mayer in Wittrock (1986) contend that "good
teaching includes teaching students how to learn, how to remember,
how to think, and how to motivate themselves." They refer to the
"life-long learning concept" as they continue to offer rationale
for the teaching of learning strategies. They state that "helping
students develop effective ways to handle the barrage of
information coming from the environment, as well as their own
thinking processes, is a major goal of our educational system that
will only increase in importance in the future."
Mulcahy, Marfo, Peat, and Andrews (1986) offer an appropriate
rationale for the teaching of learning or cognitive strategies.
They state that "the expressions development of cognitive
strategies and development of strategic behavior are preferred
over 'learning' because those expressions presume a developmental
process which produces in the individual a permanent style of
learning and relating to his/her environment."
Strichart and Mangrum (1993) also state reasons why students
need to learn strategic practices for learning. They contend that
"for learning to occur, students must be able to remember newly
acquired information so that they can retrieve the information and
use it whenever necessary. Information that is not remembered is
of no value to students for dealing with current requirements in or
out of school."
Since it is virtually impossible for students to remember all the
information that is made available to them, it is beneficial to teach
students skills which will assist them remember important
information. Therefore, it is the contention of Oxford (1990)
that teachers will now have to take on a different role, as one of
an instructor of learning strategies. She states that "the new
teaching capacities also include identifying students' learning
strategies, conducting training on learning strategies, and helping
learners become more independent." Thus, the teaching of learning
strategies seem to be a challenge for today's teacher.